1.) The primary point of telling and retelling is not the development of memory, but the development of correct speech. And that was more important for dialect-speaking Germans who needed to be educated in “Hochdeutsch” than it is for modern Americans. Not to say that our students don’t need education in proper speech.
2.) There is no mention of "circle time" or the activities included in it (this is a larger topic that I intend to address in an upcoming post).
5.) The progression Steiner outlines is this:
judgment, discern, conclude.